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نبذة مختصرة عن ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ حلب وﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻭﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ (سوريا )
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نبذة مختصرة عن ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ حلب وﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻭﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ (سوريا )
Articles

نبذة مختصرة عن ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ حلب وﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻭﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ (سوريا )
Articles

الدكتور كريم أنقوسي

ﺯﻣﻦ ﺳﻜﻦ #ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻴﻦ# ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻳﻌﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻰ ﻓﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﻴﺔ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﺔ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺗﺴﻤﻴﺔ ﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﺍﺕ ﺗﻌﻮﺩ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻬﻮﺭﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﻱ ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻲ 3000 ﻕ . ﻡ
ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻓﻬﻢ ﺳﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻻﺻﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺭﺟﻌﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺳﻨﺠﺪ ﺑﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﻨﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﻠﺐ ﺑﺒﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻡ ﻭﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﺣﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻌﺮﻭﻓﺔ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺍﺳﻤﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﻨﺪ ﻓﻴﻘﺎﻝ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﻨﺪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻓﺤﺮﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﺥ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺴﺎﻧﻴﻴﻦ ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻴﻦ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺳﻼﻟﺘﻬﻢ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﺑﺎ ﺷﻴﺦ ) ﻳﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﺮﻛﻬﻲ )
ﻭﺑﺰﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﺳﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻻﻭﻝ ) ﻳﺎﻭﺯ ( ﺳﻠﻢ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﻭﺣﻠﺐ ﻭﺑﻀﻤﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﻛﻠﺲ ﺍﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﻳﺰﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻻﻳﺰﻳﺪﻱ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ 17 ﻡ ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺳﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻴﻦ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻷﻳﻮﺑﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺟﻴﺪﺓ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻴﻦ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻓﻨﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﺸﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻟﻴﺴﻲ ﻭﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﺴﺘﺸﺎﺭﻱ ﺻﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺇﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﺎ
ﻳﺒﻠﻎ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺣﻠﺐ ﻭﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻲ 25 ﺍﻟﻒ ﺷﺨﺺوكان منذو حوالي خمسين عام حوالي نصف سكان #عفرين# يعتنقون الديانة ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪية ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻭﻟﻸﺳﻒ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﻴﺮهذا ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻋﺘﻨﻘﻮﺍ ﺍﺩﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺧﺮﻯ ﻭﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻷﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻻﻥ ﺗﺠﺪ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﺔ .
-ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺣﻠﺐ يتكونون ﻛﻜﻞ ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻴﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺮﻳﺪ.. ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺝ فحوالي اكثر من عشرين بمئة من العدد الحالي لم يلتوموا بالحد والسد ؟ وبالزواج من من غير ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻴﻦ؟.وهناك ظاهرة لا تقل خطورة وهي ومنذو انتشار الاحزاب الكوردية في اواخر ثمانيات ظهر في المجتمع الايزيدي شخصيات ايزيدية(حزبية ) حاولت تحريف هذه الديانة العريقة والان يدعون بانهم يعملون في خدمة الإيزيديين منذو ثلاثين عاما ؟هؤلاء يقومون بنشرأفكار خبيثة وبذكاء سياسي معتمداً على فكرة #الزردشتية# ولعبوا على هذا المحور وعزفوا على وتره وبقوة منذ 30 عقد اًمن الزمن ,وهؤلاء الذين لايفهمون الزردشتية أصلا ولم يقرأوا كتاب الزردشتية (الأفستا)لمرة واحدة ولا يعرفون أصلا ماذا يوجد ضمن هذا الكتاب وموقف الزردشتية من الإيزيدياتي كما لايعرفون ما فعله زردشت تجاه الدين الإيزيدي ولا موقفه من طاووسي ملك لكن وبتأثير من الغير ,الغير إيزيدي صار هؤلاء يلعبون دوراً قذراً في هذا المجال,والهدف هو إحلال الزردشتية محل الدين الإيزيدي كمرحلة أولى ومن ثم متابعتها بمراحل أخرى ومن ثم القضاء على الدين الإيزيدي من الأساس ,فإذا كان أصحاب الفكر الهدام لايقولون صراحة بإزالة الدين الإيزيدي ,فإن أصحاب الفكرة هنا يقولون وبكل وضوح :اتركوا دينكم الإيزيدي واعتنقوا الدين الزردشتي ؟؟…….
ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻴﻦ في حلب وعفرين ﻳﺘﻮﺯﻋﻮﻥ ﻭﻛﺎﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ :
1- ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺣﻠﺐ -2 ﻣﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ -3 ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺷﻴﺮﻭﺍ ﻭﺟﺒﻞ ﻟﻴﻠﻮﻥ(سمعان )
4- ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺟﻮﻣﺔ -5 ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺷﻜﺎﻛﺔ
ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻥ ﻧﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﺗﻮﺯﻉ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺋﺮ ﻧﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺳﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻟﻌﺒﺖ ﺩﻭﺭﺍ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺍ ﻓﻲ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻤﺎ ﺟﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﻳﺤﺎﻓﻈﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﻳﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﻭﺟﻮﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﺭﺍﺕ :
1- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺑﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﺤﺘﻞ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﺍ ﻫﺎﻣﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﻴﻦ ﻭﻳﻘﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺰﺍﺭﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻐﺰﻭﻳﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﺒﻞ ﺑﺮﻛﺎﺕ ﻭﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻲ 30 ﻛﻢ
2- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺟﻠﺨﺎﻧﺔ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻬﻒ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺟﺒﻞ ﻟﻴﻠﻮﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻗﺮﻳﺔ ﻗﻴﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻭ ﻋﺸﻘﻴﺒﺎﺭ 2 ﻛﻢ ﻭ 5 ﻛﻢ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ
3- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺁﺩﻱ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺒﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻲ 300 ﻡ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺟﻠﺨﺎﻧﺔ ﻭﻗﺮﺏ ﻋﺸﻘﻴﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻭﺃﺛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﺑﺠﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﻗﺪﻡ ﻣﻘﺒﺮﺓ ﺍﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﺔ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ
4- ﻣﺰﺍﺭﺑﺮﺝ ﺟﻨﺪﻱ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻮﻃﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﺮﻗﺔ ﺍﻭ ﺑﺮﺝ ﻋﺪﻳﻤﻲ ﺍﻹﻳﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺠﺎﻧﺐ ﻣﻘﺒﺮﺓ ﻗﻴﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﻤﺔ
5- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻗﺮﻳﺔ ﻗﻴﺒﺎﺭﺓ
6- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺭﻛﺎﺏ ﺑﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺷﺎﺩﻳﺮﺓ ﻭﺑﺠﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﻣﻘﺒﺮﺓ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﺔ ﻟﻼﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﺔ
7- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺳﻴﺪﻱ ﻭﺳﻂ ﻗﺮﻳﺔ ﻓﻘﻴﺮﺓ
8- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺭﺳﺎ ﺧﺎﺗﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻤﺔ ﺟﺒﻞ ﺑﺎﺭﺳﺎ ﻭﺑﺠﺎﻧﺐ ﻗﺮﻳﺔ ﻗﺴﻄﻞ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺟﻨﺪﻭ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺏ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﻘﺒﺮﺓ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﺔ ﻭﺇﻟﻰ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻬﺎ ﻗﻠﻌﺔ ﻋﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﺟﻨﺒﻼﻁ
9- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻲ 2 ﻛﻢ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻗﺮﻳﺔ ﻗﺴﻄﻞ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺟﻨﺪﻭ ﻭﺑﺠﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﻣﻘﺒﺮﺓ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﺔ
10- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭﻳﻘﻊ في ﻗﺮﻳﺔ ﺑاصوفان
11- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﺮ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺑﺠﺎﻧﺐ ﻣﻘﺒﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺣﻨﺎﻥ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺩﻓﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﻧﻮﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﺮﺳﻤﻲ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ
12- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﺑﻮ ﻛﺒﺔ ﺑﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﺑﻮ ﻛﺒﺔ
13- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻣﻨﺎﻥ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻊ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﻛﻔﺮ ﺟﻨﺔ
14- ﻣﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺦ ﻗﺼﺐ ﺑﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﺕ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺟﺒﻞ ﻟﻴﻠﻮﻥ ﺍﻭ ﺷﻴﺮﻭﺍ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻛﻬﻒ ﺗﻨﻘﻂ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ
ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻹﻳﺰﻳﺪﻳﺔ ﺑﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻋﻔﺮﻳﻦ :
———————————

1- ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻟﺘﻲ -2 ﺍﻧﻘﻮﺳﻲ -3ﺩﺍﻭﺩﻱ -4 ﻛﺠﺎﻧﻲ -5 ﺷﺮﻗﻲ ) ﻗﻮﺑﺎﻧﻲ ( -6 ﺭﺷﻜﺎﻥ -7 ﺩﻧﺎ ﻱ -8 ﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﻭﻣﺮﻱ ) ﺷﻴﺮﻭﺍ ( -9 ﺑﻮﺭﻱ ) ﻫﻜﺎﺭﻱ )
10- ﻛﺎﺳﺖ ) ﺷﺮﻗﻲ -11( ﺑﺎﺩﻳﻨﺎﻧﻲ -12 ﻧﺎﺳﺮﺩﻳﻦ ) ﺷﻜﺎﻛﻲ ( -13 ﺩﻭﻣﻠﻲ……[1]
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[1] Website | کوردیی ناوەڕاست | bazenmitan.org
Linked items: 6
Group: Articles
Articles language: عربي
Publication date: 02-10-2022 (2 Year)
Cities: Aleppo
Cities: Afreen
Content category: History
Country - Province: West Kurdistan
Document Type: Original language
Language - Dialect: Arabic
Publication Type: Born-digital
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Added by ( Hazhar Kamala ) on 13-10-2022
This article has been reviewed and released by ( Aras Eilnjaghi ) on 16-10-2022
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Kurdipedia is the largest multilingual sources for Kurdish information!
Articles
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