He was born on 10-1-1937 in Koya, South Kurdistan.
His father was exiled to Hartal village because of his national Kurdish beliefs. He died in 1948.
He was raised by his aunt since he was 10 years old. He completed his primary education in Hartal, Koya and Sulaymaniyah, secondary education in Kirkuk and university education in Baghdad.
He was a leader of the Kurdistan Students Union for twelve years.
He was a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) for ten years. He left the party in 1964 after the party split. He served the Kurdistan Liberation Movement as an independent and free Kurd. Most of his literary works were in the interest of Kurdishness and the struggle of the oppressed classes.
He published his first story in 1957. According to some critics, it has taken on a new look.
He served as a reserve officer in the Iraqi army for a year and a half and twice as a Peshmerga in the Kurdistan Revolutionary Army (1964-1966) and (1974-1975).
Since 1968, he has been working to establish a literary organization with the help of some Kurdish writers in Baghdad. On 10-2-1970, he officially established the Kurdish Writers Union.
Together with four other young writers, he published Ruanga. It is seen as a new approach to Kurdish literature.
In 1971, together with 30 other writers, he stood up against conservative beliefs and supported women's freedom. They issued the call “Unite, O Fearless Pens”.
After the collapse of the Kurdistan Liberation Movement in 1975, he returned to the media and publications of the Iraqi Arab government.
He opposed the plan to dissolve the Kurdish Writers Union. He was not a member of the Iraqi Union of Writers.
He worked as an agricultural engineer in the forest departments for twenty years. When they forced him to join the national army, he retired and started working.
From 1993 to 2000, he was an intellectual advisor in the Ministry of Culture of the Kurdistan Regional Government.
Since 2000, he has a residence permit in Sweden.
He is the president of the Kurdish Writers Union and a member of the Swedish Writers Union.
He began writing stories in a realistic way and moved towards critical realism. Since the mid-1970s, he has adopted symbolic realism.
He speaks the following languages:
1- Kurdish : Writing and reading. Fluent.
2- Arabic: Writing and reading. Fluent.
3- English: Writing and reading. Average.